Canada Immigration - Federal Skilled worker
A permanent resident (PR) refers to the status given by Canadian immigration to an individual who wants to be a part of the country helping it grow and be diverse in many terms.
Due note, permanent residents are not Canadian citizens. For becoming a citizen, eligible factors are taken into consideration for the same.
However a permanent resident enjoys rights and benefits similar to its citizens.
- Reside, work or study in any province of Canada
- Eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship
- Rights are protected under Canadian law
The PR requirement mandate includes age, education, language proficiency and Canadian work experience of an applicant.
Besides, following needs to be submitted to apply for PR
- Personal identification documents like country issued ids, driving license, etc.
- Have medical certificate showing a healthy and fit applicant.
- Proof of criminal free record.
- Originals and copies of educational degrees, diplomas, certificates, language/skill test results, & etc.
- Sponsor letters
- Proof of sufficient funds
- Refugee status
- Other related documents as required.
Categories associated to obtain a Canadian PR
- Express Entry
- Business Class Immigration
- Family Class Immigration
- Canadian Experience Class
- Provincial Nominee Programs
Canada Immigration - PR Card
Once approved to become a permanent resident, next PR card is issued to the individual that shows his/her current status in Canada. The usual expiry period of a PR card is 5 years. And can also be issued for a period of 1 year.
It is very important to carry along the PR card to where ever you travel inside or outside the country.
Canadian Experience Class
The Canadian Experience Class is a Canadian immigration program created for Canada’s temporary foreign workers who wish to gain Permanent Resident status.
Temporary Foreign Workers are ideal immigration candidates and likely to establish themselves in Canada. The Canadian government recognizes that immersion in Canadian society as a temporary foreign worker significantly increases the likelihood of economic integration as a permanent resident. Members of the Canadian Experience Class have typically established important networks in Canada as temporary foreign workers and international students.
The Canadian Experience Class is governed on a pass/fail basis, meaning that candidates will be accepted as long as they meet the minimum requirements (and are not found inadmissible for reasons such as criminal or medical inadmissibility). Candidates who are successful in meeting the selection criteria for this Canadian immigration program will become a permanent resident of Canada.
Applicants to the Canadian Experience Class must meet the following minimum requirements. Applicants must have:
- A minimum of 12 months of “skilled”, professional or technical, work experience in Canada within 36 months of the date of application; and
- Achieved a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) threshold of 5 (“initial intermediate”) or 7 (“adequate intermediate proficiency”) depending on the job being used to qualify; and
- Applicants must not intend to live in the province of Quebec (see the Quebec Experience Class);
Note: Applicant’s must provide proof of their employment experience, including pay stubs, tax documents and reference letters. Applicants must have gained their experience in Canada with the proper authorization from the federal government of Canada.
CEC Applicants may remain in Canada throughout the application process. Applicants can choose to apply for the Canadian Experience Class from inside or outside of Canada, as long as their Canadian work experience was gained within three years prior to application submission. If you are currently working in Canada and your existing temporary work permit is going to expire before your CEC application can be processed, the “bridging open work permit” may be a good option for you. A “bridging open work permit” will allow applicants to continue working while they await a final decision on their permanent resident application.
International Students should consider the Canadian Experience Class. The Canadian Experience Class is designed to facilitate the transition from international student to permanent resident of Canada. After graduating from a qualifying academic program or course of study at a designated Canadian learning institution, many international graduates become eligible for a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP). A PGWP is an “open” work permit, which means it can be used to work for any Canadian employer. If a graduate obtains at least one year of work in a skilled occupation, they may become eligible to apply for permanent resident status under the Canadian Experience Class.
What is “skilled work experience”?
As previously mentioned, applicants must have work experience in a skilled occupation. For the purposes of the Canadian Experience Class, Canada immigration regulation defines “skilled work experience” as experience in jobs that are either:
- managerial (NOC skill type 0);
- professional ( NOC skill type A); and
- technical job and skilled trades (NOC skill type B).
Full-time work is defined as at least 30 hours per week, however, applicants may apply if they have the equivalent amount in part-time work experience
The provincial nominee system of Canada allows applicants to settle and work in a particular territory they choose according to a program provinces have established with the Government of Canada to nominate immigrants wanting to settle in respective domain.
Job Offer – Applicant must have a valid job offer from a Canadian company based in desired province. Also applicants can show nomination certificate from a close relative living there.
Approval from Provincial Government – The job offer must be respectively approved by concerned provincial government. As applicants are evaluated by province requirements they need to fully prove/state reason over their desired interest to reside & work in that place.
Application for Permanent Residency – After receiving a nomination certificate from concerned province, applicants can forward another application to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) to avail PR.
Features of PNP
Makes quicker access to Canadian immigration.
No point based system involved as in case of express entry.
Immigrants receive government approved subsidy in health care, free of cost education & other social benefits.
Immigrants have the option to further work/study or make investments in business.
Immigrant benefits are same as of express entry visa holder.
Permanent residence visa holders can apply for Canadian nationality via this program.
Since 2010, Canada has welcomed an average of more than 260,000 permanent residents each year. Many of these newcomers are in the process of becoming Canadian citizens, and many more will apply for Canadian citizenship in the future. When that process is complete, they take loyalty oaths pledging their commitment to the responsibilities and privileges of Canadian citizenship. Canadian Citizenship Calculator
Recent changes mean that you may be able to apply for Canadian citizenship sooner than previously.
Canadian Citizenship Eligibility
A Canadian immigrant may apply for Canadian Citizenship after spending at least three years in Canada as a permanent resident. Do you meet the requirements for Canadian citizenship?
Applying for Canadian Citizenship
You will need to satisfy several requirements to submit a Canadian citizenship application, and may then need to take a Canadian citizenship test. Learn more about the process.
Canadian Citizenship Ceremony
Once you are approved as a Canadian citizen, you can attend a Citizenship Ceremony to take Canada's Oath of Citizenship. What's the Citizenship Ceremony like?
Rights and Responsibilities of Canadian Citizens
Canadian permanent residents enjoy many, but not all, of the rights of Canadian citizens. Learn the additional rights that you will have as a Canadian citizen.
Proof of Canadian Citizenship
If you were born outside Canada and one of your parents is a Canadian citizen or if you are a Canadian with children born in another country, you may have the option of obtaining Canadian citizenship for yourself or your children. All you have to do is apply for proof of citizenship, also known as a Canadian citizenship certificate.
Canada recognizes dual citizenship. You are not required by Canada to give up your previous citizenship once you become a Canadian citizen. How does this work?
Contact us with any question(s) concerning Canadian citizenship requirements and applications.
Canada’s Business Immigration Program attracts foreign applicants who want to invest in Canada making its economy strong and prosperous. Also the program offers its investors dedicated pathways to get PR.
The program is operated by the Government of Canada’s department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
- Work experience
- Proof of funds
Type of Business Immigrant
For innovative business ideas or ventures supported by a designated organization (business groups that are approved to invest in start-ups), applicants can apply via Start-Up Visa.
If applicants personal net worth is minimum Canadian dollar (CAD) $10 million, then they are eligible to apply for permanent residence through this program. Also applicants must make a non-guaranteed investment of CAD $2 million.
Self employed applicants must have relevant 2 years of minimum work experience in economic activities of agriculture, arts or athletics.
Foreign applicants can become PR themselves according to sponsorship offered from the individual (sponsor) already living in Canada.
Spouse, common-law partner, dependent child (adopted child), same sex partner, relative (parents or grandparents) are eligible to become Canadian PRs.
Note a sponsor has to financially aid their partner/relative post their arrival in Canada. And has to make sure they do not receive any financial assistance from Canadian government. If received then sponsor is obliged to repay that assistance.
Family Members Eligible for Sponsorship
This depends on the yearly cap as per number of applications accepted for parent/grandparent sponsorship. After the cap is full, there’s an option via Super Visa Program that allows parent/grandparent to visit Canada on multi-entry visas having validity of 10 years.
|Must be Canadian PR or citizen aged 18 years.||Must show written commitment of financial support from sponsor.|
|Must have minimum income to support visiting members.||Must show purchase of Canadian health insurance for a minimum year.|
|Must take an undertaking to repay social assistance benefits received.||Show proof of immigration medical examination.|
There exist two types of federal spousal sponsorship.
The Inland sponsorship is applicable to couples living together in Canada where the foreign spouse having temporary status in Canada is eligible to work for any Canadian employer with open work permit whilst his/her inland application is under process.
An Outland process is applicable for spouse partner living outside Canada via visa office of applicant’s country of origin. But can also be present in Canada while applying through the Outland program.
|Must be Canadian PR or citizen aged 18 years.||Must show marriage certificate as per marriage in Canada or province.|
|Must have minimum income to support spouse for 3 years from the moment he/she becomes PR.||If marriage outside Canada then valid certificate in accordance with law of respective country must be shown.|
|Committed to provide financial support to dependent child for 10 years.|
Sponsors can bring their children (biological/adopted) living in other country to Canada through dependent child sponsorship program.
- Dependent child must be under 22 years of age. Unlike the case of mental or physical disability that make dependents unable to support them.
- Must be unmarried & fully dependent on support from sponsor.
Partners unable to live together for a duration of 1 year at a common address due to circumstances unavoidable (immigration problems/ marital status/ sexual orientation) are applicable via this sponsorship.
Same Sex Partner
Same sex partners are eligible for such sponsorship to Canada via application from their respective partner. If they got married in Canada then partners need to show marriage certificate issued by provinces with respect to below dates mentioned.
- British Columbia (on / after July 8th, 2003)
- Manitoba (on / after September 16th, 2004)
- New Brunswick (on / after July 4th, 2005)
- Newfoundland and Labrador (on / after December 21st, 2004)
- Nova Scotia (on / after September 24th, 2004)
- Ontario (on / after June 10th, 2003)
- Quebec (on / after March 19th, 2004)
- Saskatchewan (on / after November 5th, 2004)
- Yukon (on / after July 14th, 2004)
- Other provinces or territories (on / after July 20th, 2005)
If applicant has married outside Canada then certificate according to law of that place where the marriage happened needs to be provided.
Less than 18 years old unmarried friends, relative, brother-sister, nephew-niece, grand kids, and common-law relationship come under this class of family sponsorship.